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Natural Gas Regulation – The Office of Fossil Energy’s (FE) Office of Regulation, Analysis and Engagement regulates natural gas imports and exports under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act of 1938; maintains statistics on North American natural gas trade; and oversees FE’s international programs pertaining to natural gas and petroleum.

Upstream: Onshore – Technological advances, many of which were supported by the Department of Energy (DOE), enabled the widespread production of natural gas and oil contained in shale formations, and have made the United States the world’s largest producer of both crude oil and natural gas. Today, DOE’s onshore research portfolio focuses on developing basin-specific technologies to maximize resource recovery and prudent environmental stewardship, accelerating the potential of emerging and untapped oil and gas resources, and treatment of produced water for reuse.

Division of Supply & Delivery. The Office of Oil and Natural Gas’ Division of Supply and Delivery identifies and operates in areas where there is an appropriate government role for the development of technologies that can increase energy and economic security. The Division provides early-stage research in natural gas infrastructure, gas hydrates and DOE research studies.

Natural Gas/LNG Regulatory Activities

Gas Hydrate R&D. – The most plentiful supplies of natural gas throughout the world may be the methane molecules trapped in ice-like structures called hydrates. DOE’s research is helping to unlock the mysteries of gas hydrates and develop future ways to tap their massive energy potential through early-stage research, to evaluate the occurrence, nature, and behavior of the potentially enormous naturally-occurring gas hydrates resource within the U.S.

DOE Research Studies – DOE research studies are directed by either the Secretary of Energy or by Congress and cover a variety of areas: Crude Oil Characterization Research Study; Used Oil Management and Beneficial Reuse Options; Natural Gas Flaring and Venting: State and Federal Regulatory Overview, Trends, and Impacts; and Hydrogen Strategy: Enabling a Low-Carbon Economy.

Understanding LNG – The United States has become one of the world’s top exporters of liquefied natural gas, or LNG. LNG is natural gas that has been cooled to a liquid state for shipping in containers and special tankers to places pipelines do not reach.

Upstream: Offshore – DOE’s Offshore Research is focused on increasing ultimate recovery of oil and gas resources in the Outer Continental Shelf while preventing oil spills through maintaining well control throughout the lifetime of the well. The research portfolio is comprised of a suite of projects that focuses on innovative solutions to solve the challenges associated with deepwater geohazard prediction, well control during drilling and over the lifetime of the well, surface systems and umbilicals including met-ocean effects, and subsea systems reliability and automation.

Natural Gas is a fossil fuel formed when layers of buried plants and gases are exposed to intense heat and pressure over thousands of years. Processed natural gas is used as fuel eg.ethane, propane, butane etc. natural gas is created using two mechanisms, biogenic and thermogenic.

Related Journals of Bio Refinery
Hydro Metallurgy, Mining Journal, Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Engineering, Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, Journal of The Japan Petroleum Institute, Journal of The Air & Waste Management Association,Science of The Total Environment.

Soil Contamination refers to, when concentration of chemicals, nutrients or elements in soil become more than normal levels due to human action is said to be soil contamination. If it harms living organisms, it’s called pollution. Pesticides and herbicides contaminates, leakages in sewage systems, direct discharge of industrial wastes, contaminates the soil.

Natural Gas

Related Journals of Vacuum Distillation
Oil and Gas Industry, Gasoline, Journal of Industrial Pollution Control, Oceanography: Open Access, American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal,Environmental Research, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,Journal of Environmental Engineering-asce, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, International Journal of Engine Research, Fuel and Energy Abstracts,

Related Journals of Soil Contamination
Ocean Journals, Natural Resource, Journal of Industrial Pollution Control, Oceanography: Open Access, Energy, Energy Conversion and Management, journal of Power Sources, Energy Sources Part A-recovery Utilization and Environmental Effects, Applied Energy, Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, Earth Science Journal Articles

Refining is an Industrial process of separating the impurities, sediment or other foreign matter and to purify the substance. Distillation is the process of refining mainly used in industries. Some of refining processes are cracking, reforming, isomerization, hydrotreating etc.

Fractionation is a separation process of a mixture (gas, solid, liquid or suspension) divided during phase transition into no.of smaller quantities and fractions are collected based on differences in specific property of individual components.

The Oil Day will assess the short-term oil market outlook including the distinguishing features of the current cycle, the uneven recovery in global oil demand, the risks around the demand outlook, products demand and refining margins, OPEC+ behaviour and the path ahead, performance of non-OPEC and US shale, geopolitical risks, and global balances. The Oil Day will consist of three sessions:

3 December 2021

The last 20 years has seen considerable growth in the number of floating offshore facilities; mainly for oil and gas production as well as LNG storage and regasification, and more recently for LNG liquefaction. Floating storage and regasification units (FSRUs) for importing LNG, use standardised technology and have become popular since they can generally be deployed more quickly and at.

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For more information please contact Kate Teasdale

The Oil and the Middle East Research Programme of the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies was established in 2009. It is dedicated to the advanced study of contemporary oil markets, production, consumption and policy. With a historical focus on the resource-rich economies of the Middle East, research on the Programme.

Session 2: What are the technological limitations or barriers to the decarbonization of hard-to-abate transport modes?

Session 2: OPEC+: A More Predictable Path Ahead?