These regulations, although undeniably necessary for a controlled substance, are not without inconvenience to many producers. The Cannabis Act leaves many stipulations up to the individual provinces of Canada, so regulations differ across localities. This has led to a surge in retail outlets in certain provinces (i.e. Alberta) while other areas, such as Ontario and Quebec, struggle to provide enough retail stores to meet demand.
The legalization of cannabis in Canada has not been without rigorous oversight. The Cannabis Act establishes strict regulations in the sale, possession, production, and distribution of cannabis. This includes a series of required licenses and permits for every establishment looking to market, grow or sell cannabis. It also limits the promotion of cannabis and cannabis-related products, particularly when it comes to marketing towards youth.
This limitation of retail outlets is particularly troubling to cultivation and production facilities, who continue to expand their operations but are finding that there aren’t enough stores to sell their inventory. Canopy Growth and Aurora Cannabis, two of Canada’s biggest cannabis companies, reported unexpectedly large losses in the latest quarter, citing this very reason.
Is CBD Oil Legal in Canada?
It should be noted that many establishments, from health stores to dispensaries, are providing illicit CBD products in Canada. The government stresses that these products are illegal and unregulated, and purchased by consumers at their own risk.
Although it establishes cannabis as a legal substance, the Cannabis Act is not without a few caveats. Up until October 17, 2019 (one year after C-45 went into effect), the only permitted legal cannabis products in Canada were dried or fresh flowers, seeds, and oils – not extracts, topicals or edibles. Because full spectrum CBD oil requires an extraction method via a solvent (such as CO2), it is technically considered an extract and not an oil.
The legalization of cannabis in Canada had been on the horizon for years as public sentiment towards marijuana increasingly migrated towards acceptance. Although the nation has had a medical marijuana program in place since 2001, it wasn’t until the liberal party took over the majority of government in 2015 that cannabis reform was put on the fast track.
Last year, Canada made history when it became the 2 nd country in the world to legalize recreational cannabis by passing the Cannabis Act on June 19. The bill, officially dubbed C-45, went into effect on October 17, 2018. Although the exact provisions vary depending on province and territory, in general, the act allows Canadian citizens 18 or older to possess up to 30 grams of dried or undried flower and grow up to four plants per household.
The Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research, formerly CARBC, is a member of the BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions Information. The institute is dedicated to the study of substance use in support of community-wide efforts aimed at providing all people with access to healthier lives, whether using substances or not. For more, visit www.cisur.ca.
Research suggests that CBD may provide relief for chronic pain. Sativex is a proprietary medication that combines THC and CBD and may be prescribed for the relief of pain associated with multiple sclerosis. There is also some evidence suggesting that CBD may be a promising support for people with opioid use disorders. The researchers noted that CBD reduced some symptoms associated with substance use disorders including anxiety, mood-related symptoms, pain, and insomnia.
All cannabinoids, including CBD, produce effects in the body by attaching to certain receptors in the brain or immune system. The human body also produces its own cannabinoids. It seems that CBD does not attach directly to receptors. Instead, it directs the body to use more of its own cannabinoids to produce the therapeutic effects associated with CBD.
What is the legal status (and evidence) of CBD oil?
There is some initial evidence that CBD may help people in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease keep the ability to recognize the faces of people that they know, and thus slow progression of the illness. Again, more research is needed in this area.
Because of the way cannabis and its products are metabolized, scientists believe there is a potential for interaction with other drugs, although nothing significant has yet been recorded. CBD has been found to be generally safe. Reports from patients indicate that negative drug interactions are not common. As with any other treatment, it is important to monitor your use of CBD and seek assistance if you experience any problems or have questions or concerns about its use.
Cannabidiol or CBD is a naturally occurring component of cannabis. It is extracted from the cannabis plant and often made into an oil for use. CBD is not psychoactive, and does not produce the ‘high’ of THC (tetrahyrocannabinol), the primary psychoactive component of cannabis. CBD is legal in Canada and has been used in the treatment of various medical conditions.
After researching the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, in 2018, the United States FDA approved CBD (Epidiolex) as a therapy for two rare conditions characterized by epileptic seizures. Other evidence suggests that CBD may be useful in the treatment of schizophrenia, though further research is needed before introducing CBD into medical practice.
But it goes much further than this.
Europe is also problematic for transporting CBD products. While I’ve heard many stories of people doing this without any issues — some countries strictly ban any cannabis products which could land you in some serious trouble if caught.
In order to even sell CBD oil in Canada, companies need to go through a completely separate application process that requires a lot of experience to navigate. This makes it both tedious and expensive.
Is Delta 8 THC Legal in Canada?
Historians believe that one of the main reasons for cannabis prohibition was a paragraph from the book, The Black Candle. The author, Emily Murphy — the first female magistrate in Canada — described cannabis as an initiator of homicidal tendencies in users.
Lately, there’s been another version of THC circulating around called delta 8 THC. It’s popular because it gets a pass from some of the more prohibitive marijuana laws in places like the United States. Learn more about the legal status of delta 8 THC in the United States.
Under the Cannabis Act, both marijuana and industrial hemp are completely legal in Canada. However, only cannabis licensed processors and retailers can extract, produce, and sell CBD.
In 2003 and 2004, two bills on the decriminalization of recreational marijuana failed. In 2006, penalties increased, and the maximum sentence on cannabis production doubled from 7 to 14 years.