There's often confusion surrounding hemp oil and CBD oil, so let's clear one thing up first: Hemp oil is a term used by different people in different ways. Sometimes, it's used as a synonym for CBD oil, but in other cases, it's used to mean hemp seed oil, which is a different product altogether. Here are the three main distinctions between CBD oil and hemp seed oil.
If you are searching for CBD products, here are a few things to look for as you shop:
Best Softgel: Prima Daily CBD Softgels
Plant People’s Drops+ Mind + Body CBD tincture is unique because it uses both MCT coconut oil and hempseed oil. The product is USDA organic, vegan, and third-party lab tested for quality. It’s designed to support a healthy response to stress and inflammation thanks to its full-spectrum formula of cannabinoids and natural compounds. The standard strength contains 21 milligrams of CBD per serving.
Josh Hurst is a journalist, critic, copywriter, and essayist. He lives in Knoxville, TN, with his wife and three sons. As a writer for Remedy Review, an independent CBD review site, Josh covers the relationship between cannabis-based products and the human body.
Since the FDA has yet to formally evaluate CBD products, the market is highly unregulated. As such, consumers are advised to do their homework and to be careful when browsing different CBD oil products online.
Our recent study found that Americans perceive hemp and CBD to be more like over-the-counter medication and THC to be more like a prescription drug. Still, the average person in the U.S. does not view hemp, CBD, THC or even marijuana in the same light as illicit substances like meth and cocaine – even though both are classified by the DEA as having a lower potential for abuse than marijuana.
Trey Malone receives funding from the U.S. Department if Agriculture, the Charles Koch Foundation, and the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.
The Drug Enforcement Agency categorizes cannabis as a Schedule 1 substance, meaning it handles cannabis as if there is no accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Scientists don’t know exactly how CBD works, nor how it interacts with other cannabinoids like THC to give marijuana its added therapeutic effects.
One would assume, then, that hemp-derived CBD should be federally legal in every state because the THC levels don’t surpass 0.3%. But CBD occupies a legal gray area. Several states, such as Nebraska and Idaho, still essentially regulate CBD oil as a Schedule 1 substance akin to marijuana.
“Pure” CBD, also called “CBD isolate,” is called that because all other cannabinoids have been removed. So have terpenes and flavonoids, which give marijuana its strong aroma and earthy flavor.
However, medical research on marijuana is severely restricted by federal law.
“Broad spectrum” CBD typically contains at least three other cannabinoids, as well as some terpenes and flavonoids – but still no THC. “Full spectrum” CBD, also called “whole flower” CBD, is similar to broad spectrum but can contain up to 0.3% THC.
Now that we have the basics under our belt, understanding the differences between oils produced by both plants will be a breeze!
But exactly how much more THC does marijuana have than hemp?
Unlike marijuana, hemp plants adapt to most climates and require minimal care. But the difference that really gets everyone talking? Concentration levels of psychoactive cannabinoid, tetrahydrocannabinol (also known as THC). THC is the primary compound responsible for marijuana’s psychoactive effects and is found in much higher levels in marijuana than hemp. While consuming marijuana can often leave a user feeling “high,” as the Ministry of Hemp notes:
All CBD oil is not the same
So we’re looking at the same plant, grown under different agricultural circumstances, that resulted in two different strains. They share many of the same chemical compounds (cannabinoids), but to varying degrees. One of the strains (hemp) tends to have less THC and more CBD. However, these cannabinoid levels aren’t set in stone; rather, they’re defined by lawmaking/governing bodies. The United States, for instance, has set the THC level of hemp to 0.3%.
The United States government set the definition of hemp as a a Cannabis sativa L. plant not containing more than 0.3% THC. However, other countries have structured their definitions at other levels. For instance, the European Union set the limit at 0.2%, while in Great Britain the limit is zero, unless growers have a cultivation license to grow industrial hemp with no more than 0.2% THC.
Botanically, hemp and marijuana are from the same species of plant, Cannabis sativa, but from different varieties or cultivars. However, hemp and marijuana are genetically distinct forms of cannabis that are distinguished by their use and chemical composition as well as by differing cultivation practices in their production. The term ‘industrial hemp’ dates back to the 1960s and generally refers to cannabis varieties that are grown primarily as an agricultural crop, such as seeds and fiber and byproducts such as oil, seed cake, and hurds. Hemp is generally characterized by plants that are low in delta-9 THC, the
dominant psychotrophic compound in Cannabis sativa. In addition to its low THC content, hemp generally has high levels of CBD, the primary nonpsychotropic compound in Cannabis sativa. Accordingly, a high ratio of CBD to THC might also be a metric used to differentiate hemp from other cannabis varieties. Although hemp and marijuana are from the same cannabis plant, available research supports the conclusion that selective breeding has resulted in two separate strains.
So yes, the American definition prohibits hemp from containing more than 0.3% THC, but hemp – as a plant – isn’t inherently limited to a specific THC threshold. Lawmakers simply set a THC cut off point for legal definitions.