Hemp can be used to produce consumer-grade CBD oil. As a matter of fact, extracting CBD oil from hemp is the safest and most effective way of making and distributing the product. Hemp makes it much easier for cannabis products to avoid federal prohibition laws. That’s because industrial hemp does not have enough THC to be considered illegal. However, they have numerous other potent cannabinoids.
In particular, hemp contains CBD, the compound responsible for most of the reported therapeutic properties of cannabis. CBD oil from hemp is also an excellent choice for people who want to enjoy the effects of cannabis without getting high from THC.
The plant is also used to make bedding for animals like rats, guinea pigs, etc. It can also be used as bedding for horses to lay on. The shives from the hemp stem are used to make animal bedding and mulch.
The hemp plant can also be transformed into construction materials that replace huge portions of plywood, conventional insulation, drywall, and even sealants and glues. After harvesting, the hemp stalks go through a decoration process, and the fibers are concentrated into a pulp.
The fuel extracted from industrial hemp is free from sulfur and other heavy metals. It’s a clean biomass fuel and causes very little air pollution in comparison to other forms of fuel. The level of CO2 emitted from burning hemp fuel is also negligible, and so, the greenhouse effect, acid rain, and other unpleasant occurrences can be minimized.
Thanks to long taproots, hemp plants are able to reach water, aerate and bind the soil in places other plants cannot. As such, hemp can be used to reclaim land in regions prone to drought and flooding.
For the past few years, researchers have been hard at work developing “supercapacitors.” These are a sort of battery that can store energy in a cleaner and more efficient manner. Currently, supercapacitors made from graphene nanosheets are the best, but they are too costly to be commercially viable.
Hemp originated in Central Asia. Hemp cultivation for fibre was recorded in China as early as 2800 bce and was practiced in the Mediterranean countries of Europe early in the Christian era, spreading throughout the rest of Europe during the Middle Ages. It was planted in Chile in the 1500s and a century later in North America.
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Cultivation and processing
The hemp plant is a stout, aromatic, erect annual herb. The slender canelike stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. The leaves are compound with palmate shape, and the flowers are small and greenish yellow. Seed-producing flowers form elongate, spikelike clusters growing on the pistillate, or female, plants. Pollen-producing flowers form many-branched clusters on staminate, or male, plants.
Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, a number of other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), Mauritius hemp (Furcraea foetida), and sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea).
The fibre, longer and less flexible than flax, is usually yellowish, greenish, or a dark brown or gray and, because it is not easily bleached to sufficiently light shades, is rarely dyed. It is strong and durable and is used for cordage—e.g., twine, yarn, rope, cable, and string—and for artificial sponges and such coarse fabrics as sacking (burlap) and canvas. In Italy some hemp receives special processing, producing whitish colour and attractive lustre, and is used to make fabric similar to linen. Hemp fibre is also used to make bioplastics that can be recyclable and biodegradable, depending on the formulation.
Cotton grows only in moderate climates and requires more water than hemp; but hemp is frost tolerant, requires only moderate amounts of water, and grows in all 50 states. Cotton requires large quantities of pesticides and herbicides–50% of the world’s pesticides/herbicides are used in the production of cotton. Hemp requires no pesticides, no herbicides, and only moderate amounts of fertilizer.
The name Cannabis is the genus and was the name favored by the 19th century medical practitioners who helped to introduce the herb’s drug potential to modern English-speaking consciousness. Cannabis for non-drug purposes (especially ropes and textiles) was then already well known as hemp.
On an annual basis, 1 acre of hemp will produce as much fiber as 2 to 3 acres of cotton. Hemp fiber is stronger and softer than cotton, lasts twice as long as cotton, and will not mildew.
The most general method of putting crops of this sort into the soil is the broadcast, the seed being dispersed over the surface of the land in as even a manner as possible, and afterwards covered in by means of a very light harrowing. In many cases, however, especially when the crops are to stand for seed, the drill method in rows, at small distances, might be had recourse to with advantage; as, in this way, the early growth of the plants would be more effectually promoted, and the land be kept in a more clean and perfect state of mould, which are circumstances of importance in such crops. In whatever method the seed is put in, care must constantly be taken to keep the birds from it for some time afterwards.
It is of much importance in the cultivation of hemp crops that the seed is new, and of a good quality, which may in some measure be known by its feeling heavy in the hand, and being of a bright shining color.