The FDA’s top priority is to protect the public health. This priority includes making sure consumers know about products that put their health and safety at greatest risk, such as those claiming to prevent, diagnose, treat, mitigate, or cure serious diseases. For example, the agency has warned companies to stop selling CBD products they claim are intended to prevent, diagnose, treat, mitigate, or cure serious diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, psychiatric disorders and diabetes. While we have focused on these types of products, we will continue to monitor the marketplace for any product that poses a risk to public health, including those with dangerous contaminants, those marketed to vulnerable populations, and products that otherwise put the public health at risk.
The FDA is actively working to learn more about the safety of CBD and CBD products, including the risks identified above and other topics, such as:
The FDA is evaluating the regulatory frameworks that apply to certain cannabis-derived products that are intended for non-drug uses, including whether and/or how the FDA might consider updating its regulations, as well as whether potential legislation might be appropriate. The information we have underscores the need for further study and high quality, scientific information about the safety and potential uses of CBD.
Some CBD Products are Being Marketed with Unproven Medical Claims and Could be Produced with Unsafe Manufacturing Practices
CBD products are also being marketed for pets and other animals. The FDA has not approved CBD for any use in animals and the concerns regarding CBD products with unproven medical claims and of unknown quality equally apply to CBD products marketed for animals. The FDA recommends pet owners talk with their veterinarians about appropriate treatment options for their pets.
We are aware that there may be some products on the market that add CBD to a food or label CBD as a dietary supplement. Under federal law, it is illegal to market CBD this way.
Misleading, unproven, or false claims associated with CBD products may lead consumers to put off getting important medical care, such as proper diagnosis, treatment, and supportive care. For that reason, it’s important to talk to your doctor about the best way to treat diseases or conditions with available FDA-approved treatment options.
In addition to safety risks and unproven claims, the quality of many CBD products may also be in question. The FDA is also concerned that a lack of appropriate processing controls and practices can put consumers at additional risks. For example, the agency has tested the chemical content of cannabinoid compounds in some of the products, and many were found to not contain the levels of CBD they claimed. We are also investigating reports of CBD potentially containing unsafe levels of contaminants (e.g., pesticides, heavy metals, THC).
In general, with Hemp oil one refers to hemp seed oil. The seeds of the fiber hemp are a byproduct of the production of hemp. The fiber hemp is produced with fibers that are used for e.g. car and construction industry.
Marijuana oil is made from (medicinal) marijuana (as the word already suggests) and the oil therefore also contains THC. The large difference between marijuana and hemp is the amount of THC present in the plant. For marijuana that is high and for hemp that is negligibly low.
One of these names is normally given to oils made from the resin of the female marijuana plant. So when you learn something about marijuana oil, an oil is meant with a high concentration of THC and sometimes with a high concentration of CBD as well.
Medical science is still in its infancies regarding this area. The same science actually just started with extensive research on the effect of cannabinoids. The will and the importance of cannabinoids is increasingly being recognized. Also serious research is going on about the exact influence on the human and/or animal body.
Three names that in most cases refer to the same product. In popular speech, different names were created out of THC containing oils from (Dutch) marijuana. Those saying marijuana oil, cannabis oil or THC oil normally refer to the same thing. An oil made from (Dutch) marijuana with a high concentration of THC. The purpose is to become high, though the medicinal effect becomes more and more important.
However, the tide may turn in favour of cannabidiol after a recent World Health Organisation review. This concluded that cannabidiol “exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential” but “has been demonstrated as an effective treatment of epilepsy … and may be a useful treatment for a number of other medical conditions.”
This is one of the big unknowns. “It is important to remember that there is currently very little scientific evidence to support cannabis oil containing both THC and cannabidiol as a treatment for epilepsy,” said the charity Epilepsy Action, in a statement issued this month.
However, it is possible the drug is not as effective as cannabis oil containing THC, says Nutt. For example, the cannabis oil used to treat Billy Caldwell, the boy at the centre of the recent cannabis oil confiscation furore, contained cannabidiol and a low dose of THC, because cannabidiol alone did not stop all his seizures.
Is it legal?
The UK government announced on 19 June that it would review the use of medical cannabis.